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Aleksandar Bachko


ABOUT TITLES OF
UGANDAN TRADITIONAL
RULERS, ROYALTY, CHIEFS,
NOBILITY AND CHIVALRY











   Dedicated to His Majesty Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I by The Grace of God, Omukama of The Kingdom of Bunyoro-Kitara, Ruler of Hoima, Masindi, Kibaale, Buliisa, Kiryandongo, Kagadi and Kakumiro, The Grandson of Kabalega, The Healer, The Orphan Protector, The Hater of Rebellion, The Lion of Bunyoro, The Hero of Bunyoro, The Hero of Kabalega, etc. etc. etc. – 49th Omukama of The Kingdom of Bunyoro-Kitara, 27th Omukama in The Babiito Dynasty - The Sovereign Head and Grand Master of The Royal Order of Omujwaara Kondo and The Royal Order of Engabu, The Sovereign Head, Grand Master and Protector of The Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega, The Patron, Protector and Granter of The Chivalrous and Religious Order of the Crown of Thorns, Patron, Protector and Granter of The Sovereign, Knightly and Noble Order of The Lion and Black Cross etc. etc. etc.





      Contemporary Uganda is Republic in East Africa, in the area of African Great Lakes. However, within Uganda are several traditional constituent Monarchies, with status regulated in Constitution of this Republic. These Monarchies are: Bunyoro – Kitara, Buganda, Toro, Busoga and Rwenzururu.    This list of titles of Ugandan traditional rulers, royalty, chiefs, nobility and chivalry is certanly uncompleted. However, it represents modest contribution concerning question of traditional titles of area of nowdays Republic of Uganda, and we believe, that it will be useful in some further reasearch.





   * * *



      Ababiito – See: Omubiito.

   Abagomborozi – Traditional title of the Sub-County Chiefs. This title was used in Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom (Uganda) in the past, and it is still used today. This is also a title of second–level Representatives of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom in other countries, in charge of several provinces/departments. Abagomborozi is plural of this title, and Omugomborozi is singular. This title is mentioned in Constitution of Republic of Uganda, writen in 1966. Higher title is County Chief (Abamasaza), and lower is Parish Chief (Abemiruka). Abagomborozi is appointed by Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara. See also: Chief.1


  


   Abajwaara Kondo – See: Royal Order of Omujwaara Kondo.

   Abakama – See: Omukama.

   Abakungu – See: Royal Order of Engabu.

   Abakyala – Style of principal consorts of the Kabaka (King) of Buganda Kingdom. Abakyala means Lady.2

   Abalangira – This is title of male members of the royal clan in Kingdom of Buganda.3

   Abamasaza – Traditional title of the County Chiefs. It is used in Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom (Uganda). Abamasaza is appointed by Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara. It is the highest Chief title in this Kingdom. This is also a title of first–level Representatives of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom in other countries, in charge of whole country. Lower is title of Sub-County Chief (Abagomborozi). See also description of the term Chief.4




   Abambejja - This is title of female member of the royal clan in Kingdom of Buganda.5

   Abasebbeeyi – As mentioned, principals consorts of Kabaka (King) of Kingdom of Buganda are styled Abakyala. Other of his wives, if of noble birth, are styled Abasebbeeyi.6

   Abataka – Title of clan Chiefs in Kingdom of Buganda is Abataka, or Bataka. In the past, Abataka had a lot of political influence but after 1750, the Kabaka (King) assumed a position of political significance far superior to that of the Abataka (Bataka). See also: Bataka.7

   Abatongole – This is the title of Sub-Parish Chiefs, used in Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom (Uganda). Higher title is Parish Chief (Abemiruka), and lower is Village Chief (Bakuru B’emigongo). This is also a title of fourth–level Representatives of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom in other countries, in charge of 1 province/department. Abatongole is plural of this title, and Omutongole is singular. Abatongole is appointed by Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara. In Kingdom of Buganda, Abatongole is title of the Village Chief. See also: Chief; Order of the Shield and Spears.8

   Abemiruka – Traditional title of Parish Chiefs in Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom (Uganda). Superior title is Sub-County Chief (Abagomborozi), and minor is Sub-Parish Chief (Abatongole). This is also a title of third–level Representatives of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom in other countries, in charge of 2 or 3 provinces/departments. Abemiruka is appointed by Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara. See also: Chief.9

   Adhola – This is elective title of the traditional ruler of Padhola in Republic of Uganda. Since 7. August 1999, Adhola (traditional ruler) of Padhola is Moses Stephen Owor.10

   Agutamba – See: Healer.

   Azzu – This is elective title of the traditional rulers of Kebu Yuu in Republic of Uganda. Since 14. June 2008, Azzu of Kebu Yuu is Ephraim Kebbi of the House of Yuu.11


   


   Bakuru B’emigongo - This is the title of the Village Chiefs in Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom (Uganda). It is the lowest level of Chiefs in this Kingdom. Above it is Sub-Parish Chief (Abatongole). It is also a title of fifth–level Representatives of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom in other countries, in charge of 1 Village/City. See also description of term Chief.12

   Bataka – This is title of the chief of a clan. It is used in the Kingdom of Buganda. See also: Abataka.13    Batebe – In Kingdom of Toro it is the title of “Princess Royal, usually a full sister of the Mukama (Omukama, King), who enjoys the status of first lady of the kingdom during her brother's reign”.14

   By The Grace of God – Formula, part of full styles of some African and non-African rulers. For instance, it is part of full title of Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom, H.M. Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I of Babiito Dynasty. See: Omukama.15




   Chief – This is one of the most frequent titles in Africa, as well as other Continents. In Bunyoro – Kitara Kingdom there are several levels of Chief titles: County Chief (Abamasaza), Sub-County Chief (Abagomborozi), Parish Chief (Abemiruka), Sub-Parish Chief (Abatongole) and Village Chief (Bakuru B’emigongo). See also: Abamasaza, Abagomborozi, Abemiruka, Abatongole, Bakuru B’emigongo, and other titles.16

   Chivalrous and Religious Order of the Crown of Thorns – By Royal decision of H.M. Solomon Iguru I, Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara, in 2012. are rewritten “the whole legal chapters and maintain of the Orders Order of the Crown of Thorns and Order of the Lion and the Black Cross under the Ecclesiastical jurisdiction and Patronage of The Apostolic Episcopal Church and the Royal Patronage of His Majesty Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I; with H.M. Omukama Chwa II. Kabalega name incorporate and the name of His Majesty Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I”. See also: Omukama; Patron, Protector and Granter of The Chivalrous and Religious Order of the Crown of Thorns.17




   Commander – See: Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega; Order of the Lion, Crown and Shield; Order of the Shield and Spears.

   Coronet wearer – See: Royal Order of Omujwaara Kondo.

   County Chiefs – See: Abamasaza.

   Crown Dame – See: Royal Order of Omujwaara Kondo.

   Crown Knight – See: Royal Order of Omujwaara Kondo.

   Crown Prince – Similar to the of most other monarchies, title of Crown Prince is used in some of Ugandan monarchies, as title of the successor of the Royal throne. In Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom, Crown Prince is H.R.H. Crown Prince David Rukidi Mpuga OOKB, OEBKK, GCCK, son of H.M. Omukama (King) Solomon Iguru I.18




   Ekitule Kinobere Abeemi – See: Hater of Rebelion.

   Elder – This is title (in English language) of various positions of authority. It was used in many countries, in history, as well as today. In Iteso (Teso) in Uganda, Elders are electing traditional ruler, Emorimor.19

   Emanzi Ya Bunyoro – See: Hero of Bunyoro.


   


   Emanzi Ya Kabalega – See: The Hero of Kabalega.

   Emanziya Karuzika – Part of older, full royal title of Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom. Emanziya Karuzika means: „the hero of the palace“. This title is not used anymore as part of full official title of Omukama of Bunyoro-Kitara.20

   Emorimor – This is elective title of the traditional rulers of Iteso (Teso), located in Republic of Uganda. Term “Emorimor” (Emorimori) literally means “Uniter” or “Head of the Clan”. It was duty of Emorimor to keep the Clan and Sub-Clans united. He was elected by Elders of Iteso. Since 4. May 2000, Emorimor of Iteso is Augustine Osuban.21


   


   Emorimori – See: Emorimor.

   Engazi – Title of Prime Ministers of Kingdom of Ankole was Enganzi. This title is mentioned during second half of 19th and 20th century.22

   Entale Yabunyoro – See: Lion of Bunyoro.




   Gabula – Hereditary title of the traditional rulers of Bugabula in Uganda (one of the Busoga confederates). Since 11 February 1995, Gabula of Bugabula is William Nadiope IV of the House of Kitimbo.23

   Grand Collar – See: Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega.

   Grand Cross – See: Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega.




   Grand Cross – Special Class – See: Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega; Order of the Lion, Crown and Shield.

   Grand Master – See: Omukama; Sovereign Head, Grand Master and Protector of The Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega.

   Grand Officer – See: Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega.

   Grandson of Kabalega – “The Grandson of Kabalega” (Mwijukuru Wakabalega) is part of the full royal title of Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom, H.M. Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I of Babiito Dynasty.24




   This title emphasizes close family relationship between H.M. Omukama Solomon Iguru I and His Grandfather, H.M. Omukama Chwa II Kabalega (18 June 1853 – 6 April 1923), Ruler of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom between 1870. and 1899. When he was crowned king, he set out to develop economy of his Kingdom. When the British sought to colonize Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom, he firmly resisted. On 1. January 1894 the British declared war on his Kingdom. For a period of five years Kabalega was able to fend off the British, who had help from some African countries, including Somalia, Nubia, and others. On 9 April 1899, Kabalega was shot and wounded by the British, who captured him. Kabalega was exiled to the Seychelles for 24 years. In 1923, Kabalega was given permission to return to Bunyoro-Kitara, but died in Jinja (in Uganda) on 6. April 1923, shortly before reaching the borders of the Kingdom. On 8. June 2009 Kabalega was declared a national hero of Uganda. After him is also named Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega. See also: Omukama, Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega.25




   Granter – See: Omukama; Patron, Protector and Granter of The Chivalrous and Religious Order of the Crown of Thorns; Patron, Protector and Granter of The Sovereign, Knightly and Noble Order of The Lion and Black Cross.

   Hater of Rebellion - “The Hater of Rebellion” (Ekitule Kinobere Abeemi) is part of the official full title of Omukama H.M. Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I of of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom. “The Hater of Rebellion” was also used as part of full royal title of H.M. Omukama Chwa II Kabalega (in form: “Kitule Kinobere Abeemi”). See: Omukama.26




   Head – See: Omukama; Sovereign Head of The Royal Order of Omujwaara Kondo and The Royal Order of Engabu; Sovereign Head, Grand Master and Protector of The Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega.

   Healer – “The Healer” (Agutamba) is part of the full official title of Omukama of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom, H.M. Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I of Babiito Dynasty. Agutamba (from: „omubazi ogutamba bunaku“) in narrower sence means: „the medicine that cures, or wards off, poverty“. See also: Omukama.27

   Hero of Bunyoro – “The Hero of Bunyoro” (Emanzi Ya Bunyoro) is part of the full title of King (Omukama) of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom, H.M. Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I of Babiito Dynasty. See also: Omukama.28




   Hero of Kabalega – “The Hero of Kabalega” (Emanzi Ya Kabalega) is part of the full official title of Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom, H.M. Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I of Babiito Dynasty. This title is after H.M. Omukama Chwa II Kabalega, national hero of Uganda, grandfather of H.M. Solomon Iguru I. See also: Omukama, Grandson of Kabalega, Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega.29

   Inhebantu - Inhebantu of Busoga is the title given to the queen consort to the ruler of the Kingdom of Busoga (Kyabazinga of Busoga). The most recent Inhebantu was Alice Muloki, who died on November 6, 2005.30




   Inzu – This is the title of the Paramount Chief of Masaaba in Republic of Uganda. See also: Paramount Chief.31

   Isebantu Kyabazinga – See: Kyabazinga.

   Jadipu – This is title of Prime Minister in Alur (Union of Alur Chiefdoms) in Republic of Uganda.32




   Jago – Title of leaders with power over several clans in Acholi. It is lesser title then Rwot. “Dominant clan leaders forged clan alliances to become the Jago over several neighbouring clans. A militarily proficient Jago would be recognised as Rwot by neighbouring Jagi who acknowleged his leadership”.33

   Kabaka - Hereditary title of the traditional ruler of Kingdom of Buganda, constituent Monarchy in Republic of Uganda. Since 24. July 1993, Kabaka of Buganda is Ronald Muwenda Mutebi II of the House of Abalasangeye.34

   Kabaka is the title translated as a King, in the Kingdom of Buganda. According to traditions of people of this Kingdom, they are ruled by two Kings, one spiritual and the other material. The spiritual (supernatural) king is represented by the Royal Drums. These are regalia called Mujaguzo. Royal drums (Mujaguzo) “like any other king”, has own palace, officials, servants, and palace guards. The material, human prince has to perform special cultural rites on the Royal Drums, before he can be declared Kabaka (King) of the Kingdom of Buganda. Upon the birth of a Royal Prince or Princess, the Royal Drums are sounded by drummers specially selected from a specified clan as a means of informing the subjects of The Kingdom of the birth of new member of the Royal family. The same Royal Drums are sounded upon the death of a reigning King to officially announce the death of the material King.35




   In the Kingdom of Buganda is no classic concept of the Crown Prince. All Royal Princes are treated equaly in life time of Kabaka. During the period of a reigning King, a special council has the mandate to study the behavior and characteristics of the young Princes. The reigning King, informed by the recommendation of the special council, selects one Prince to be his successor. In a secret ceremony, the selected prince is given a special piece of bark cloth by the head of the special verification council. The name of the future King is kept secret by the special council until the death of the reigning King. When all the Princes and Princesses are called to view the body of the late King lying in state, the selected Prince lays the special piece of bark cloth over the body of the late King, revealing himself as the successor to The Throne. The first born Prince, by tradition called Kiweewa, is not allowed to become King. This was carefully planned to protect him against any attempted assassinations in a bid to fight for The Crown. Instead he is given special roles to play in the matters of the Royal Family and Kingdom.36




   Kabaka Oweebweru – See: Katikiro.

   Kaggo – This is title of County Chief of Kyaddondo County, in Kingdom of Buganda.37

   Kalyota - Title of the “official sister” of Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom. Chosen half-sister of Omukama (by another mother), traditionally, bears this title.38




   Kamuswaga – Title of the hereditary traditional rulers of Kooki in Kingdom of Buganda (Republic of Uganda), after 1896. (before that, title Omukama was used). Since 15. May 2004, Kamuswaga of Kooki is Apollo Sansa Kabumbuli II. He is member of branch of Babiito Dynasty. This Dynasty is also ruling House of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom and Toro.39

   The Kingdom of Kooki is a traditional chiefdom in the Rakai District of Uganda. It was first mentioned in writen sources in 1884. It was incorporated into the Kingdom of Buganda in 1896, but its Royal line continues.40




   Kangawo – This is the title of the county chief of Bulemezi (Kingdom of Buganda).41

   Kasaja – This is title of the traditional ruler of Buyodi (one of the Busoga - Usoga confederates).42

   Kasorobahiga – Part of older, full royal title of Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom. Emanziya Karuzika means: „hunted“, which means „hunted by other rulers, who are jealous of His power and preeminence“. This title is not used anymore as part of full official title of Omukama of Bunyoro-Kitara.43




   Kasujju – County of Busujju (Kingdom of Buganda) headed by the County Chief titled Kasujju.44

   Katanbala – County of Butambala in Buganda Kingdom is headed by the Katambala (County Chief).45

   Katikiro – Katikiro or Katikiiro is title of Prime Minister of Bunyoro – Kitara Kingdom. Also, this title was used for Prime Ministers of Kingdom of Buganda and Kingdom of Toro until 1960s (after that time, title is Omuhikirwa). Prime Minister is also traditionally called “Kabaka Oweebweru” in Buganda Kingdom.46




   Katikiiro – See: Katikiro.

   Kayanga - This is title of the traditional ruler of Igombe (one of the Busoga - Usoga confederates).47

   Kayima – County Chief title of head of Mawokota County (Kingdom of Buganda).48




   Kimbugwe – Buluuli County in Kingdom of Buganda is headed by the County Chief with title Kimbugwe.49

   King – Well known historical and contemporary supreme ruler title in English language. It is used as synonym for some traditional ruler titles in Uganda – Omukama, Kabaka and others. See: Omukama; Kabaka.50

   Kisiki – This is hereditary title of the traditional rulers of Busiki in Republic of Uganda (one of the Busoga confederates). In older period, title of the ruler of Busiki was Lamoge. Current Kisiki of Busiki, since 11. February 1995, is Yekosofato Kawanguzi of the House of Igaga. See also: Lamoge.51




   Kitunzi – County of Ggomba in Kingdom of Buganda is headed by the County Chief with title Kitunzi.52

   Kiweewa – This is title of first born Royal Prince, eldest son of Kabaka in the Kingdom of Buganda. Traditionaly, Kiweewa “is not allowed to become King”, but “he is given special roles to play in the matters of the Royal Family and Kingdom”. See also: Kabaka.53

   Knight – See: Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega.




   Knightly and Noble Order of The Lion and Black Cross – See: Patron, Protector and Granter of The Sovereign, Knightly and Noble Order of The Lion and Black Cross.

   Kweba – County of Ssese (Buganda Kingdom) is headed by the County Chief with title Kweba.54

   Kyabazinga - Kyabazinga of Busoga or Isebantu Kyabazinga is title is the title given to the ruler of the Kingdom (Confederation) of Busoga in Uganda. Isebantu means "father of the people". This name was a symbol of unity derived from the expression and recognition by the people of Busoga that their leader was the "father of all people who brings all of them together", and who also serves as their cultural leader. The former Kyabazinga of Busoga was Henry Wako Muloki, who was born in 1921. and died on 1. September 2008.55




   Kyabazinga of Busoga was abolished in 1966 when Milton Obote disbanded all traditional institutions within the country, including the Kingdom of Busoga and the title of Kyabazinga. The Kyabazinga was restored with the restoration of traditional institutions in the end of 20th century, and the second coronation of Henry Wako Muloki on February 11, 1995.56

   After the repose of Kyabazinga (King) Henry Wako Muloki in 2008, the Throne was disputed and, practically, vacant. Prince Edward Columbus Wambuzi of the House of Zibondo of Bulamogi, who has assumed the duty of The Kyabazinga (King) of The Busoga Kingdom in 2012, and was enthroned and crowned in 2013. However, all this is very much opposed and disputed by another claimant to The Throne of Busoga, Prince Gabula Farouk Kalulu Nadiope VI, a Royal from Bugabula.




   Kyabazinga (King) of Busoga is an elective Royal title. Kyabazinga is chosen from just five of the eleven Busoga Royal traditional Chiefs. Only these five may elect the next Kyabazinga, who is from their own ranks. The Kyabazinga holds the title for a certain period of time before a new title holder in chosen by the chiefs. There have recently been calls by Basoga elders to allow that all eleven Royal Hereditary Chiefs be permitted to elect the next Kyabazinga, instead of just the traditional five Chiefs. The demands for this change came during the selection process for a successor to the late Henry Wako Muloki. See also: Ruler.57

<   b>Lamoge – This was former title of ruler of Busiki. Later, rulers of Busiki were titled Kisiki. See also: Kisiki.58




   Lion of Bunyoro – “The Lion of Bunyoro” (Entale Yabunyoro) is part of the full Royal title of Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom, H.M. Rukirabasaija Agutamba Solomon Gafabusa Iguru I of Babiito Dynasty. See: Omukama.59

   Luba – This is hereditary title of the traditional rulers of Bunya (Bunha) in Uganda. Bunya is one of the Busoga confederates. Current ruler, Luba of Bunya, since 11. February 1995, is Juma Munulo II.60

   Lubuga – Title of Royal “mother substitute” in Kingdom of Buganda, second in rank to the Naalinya.61




   Lumaama – Kabula is County in Kingdom of Buganda. It is headed by the County Chief with title Lumaama.62

   Luweekula – County of Buweekula (Buganda Kingdom) is headed by the County Chief with title Luweekula.63

   Majesty – See: King; Omukama; Omugo.




   Master of Ceremonies – See: Omusana.

   Mbuubi – Buvuma is County in Kingdom of Buganda. It is headed by the County Chief with title Mbuubi.64

   Member – See: Order of the Lion, Crown and Shield; Order of the Shield and Spears.




   Menya – Hereditary title of the traditional rulers of Bugweri (Bugweri Bufutulu) in Uganda. Bugweri is one of the Busoga confederates. Since 11 February 1995 Menya of Bugweri is Frederick Kakaire II of the House of Menyha.65

   Most Honourable – See: Royal Order of Omujwaara Kondo; Royal Order of Engabu.

   Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega – The Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega is also known as The Most Honourable Order of Duty and Inflexibility of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega and Saint Thomas More. It is the third highest Royal Order of Merit of the Kingdom of Bunyoro–Kitara. It is awarded by Omukama of Bunyoro-Kitara.66

   The Order is established in 2010. It is awarded to persons who promote charity and humanity, help to relief from sickness, distress, suffering or danger. Also, individuals who support the Bunyoro Kitara Kingdom are awarded. Unofficial motto of this Order is: For The King, For The People, For Justice (in Nyoro language: Habwomukama, Habwabantu, Habowbwinganisa, and in Latin: Pro Rex, Pro Humanitas, Pro Iustitia).67

   The Order consists of this grades (with post nominals): Companion (CK), Knight (KCK), Officer (OCK), Commander (CCK), Grand Officer (GOCK), Grand Cross (GCCK), Grand Cross – Special Class (GCCK) and Grand Collar (GCCKC). The class of Grand Collar is only available for reigning Royals, heads of state and the Grand Master.68




   This Order may be inherited by the eldest children of the same sex as the original recipient. The Order is named after Omukama Chwa II Kabalega, a former King (Omukama) of the Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom and a national hero of Uganda. As mentioned, Order is also named after Saint Thomas More, who is a great symbol of duty and inflexibility against injustice. See also: Sovereign Head, Grand Master and Protector of The Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega. See also: Grandson of Kabalega, Hero of Kabalega.69

   Mugabe – See: Omugabe.

   Mugerere – This is title of County Chief of Bugerere County in Kingdom of Buganda.70


    


   Mukama – See: Omukama.

   Mukungu – By Royal decision of H.M. Solomon Iguru I, Omukama (King) of Kingdom of Bunyoro-Kitara in 2012. title of Mukungu (Chieftainship of the Ancient Abbey-Principality of San Luigi in Fezzan) is renewed. The holder of the title shall be designated by the title of Mukungu, worn after surname.71

   The title of Mukungu is first granted by H.M. Omukama Chwa II. Kabalega to Prince-Abbot Dom Jose Mendoza of the Abbey-Principality of San Luigi (Fezzan), in 1889.72




   Mukwenda – Title of County Chief of Ssingo County in Kingdom of Buganda is Mukwenda.73

   Mulangira – Title of a descendant of the Royal Clan (noble) in Kingdom of Buganda.74

   Muteesa – Mawogola County in Kingdom of Buganda is headed by the County Chief with title Muteesa.75

   Mutuba Muto – This was title of the County Chief of Ibanda, after 1902. In this year Ibanda becomes part of kingdom of Ankole.76

   Muzaaya – This was title of the ruler of Buzaaya. Title existed until 1906, when Buzaaya was “amalgamated by British authorities”.77

   Mwebingwa – See: Orphan Protector.

   Mwebingwe – See: Orphan Protector.




   Mwegombwa – Part of older, full royal title of Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom. Mwegombwa means: „He who is loved and longed for“. This title is not used anymore as part of full official title of Omukama of Bunyoro-Kitara.78

   Mwijukuru Wakabalega – See: Grandson of Kabalega.

   Naalinya – Title of eldest sister of the Kabaka, the Princess Royal, in Kingdom of Buganda is Naalinya (Nnalinnya).79

   Namasole – This is title of the mother of Omukama (King), as well as mother of Kabaka. Title Namasole is used in Kingdom of Toro and Kingdom of Buganda (Republic of Uganda).80

   Nanyumba – This is hereditary title of the traditional rulers of Bunyole (Bunyuli) in Uganda. Bunyole is one of the Busoga confederates. Current Nanyumba of Bunyole, since 11 February 1995, is Chief John Ntale Nahnumba.81

   Ngobi – Hereditary title of the traditional rulers of Kigulu in Uganda (one of the Busoga confederates). Since 11. February 1995, Ngobi of Kigulu is Prince Izimba Golologolo of the House of Ngobi.82




   Nkono – Title of hereditary the traditional rulers of Bukono in Uganda (one of the Busoga confederates). Nkono of Bukono, since 11. February 1995, is Prince C.J. Mutyaba Nkono II of the House of Nkono.83

   Nkyanungi – See: Ruler.

   Nnalinnya – See: Naalinya.

   Noble, Nobility – See: Royal Order of Omujwaara Kondo; Mulangira.




   Ntembe – This is hereditary title of the traditional ruler of Butembe in Uganda (one of the Busoga confederates). Current Ntembe of Butembe, since 11. February 1995, is Chief Badru Waguma.84

   Nyakanungi – See: Ruler.

   Nyathi Rwot – This is title of local leader in Alur (Union of Alur Chiefdoms). It literally means “child of Rwoth (King)”, or “Kinglet”. Nyathi Rwot is subjugated to Rwoth Obima. See also: Rwoth Obima.85




   Officer – See: Most Honourable Order of Omukama Chwa II Kabalega; Order of the Shield and Spears.

   Okuma – This is title of the ruler of Buzimba, which existed during 19th century. Buzimba splited from Kigulu in 1806, and merged back in 1899. During this period, there were 14 Okuma of Buzimba.86

   Okwiri – Title of the “official brother” of Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom. Eldest son of late Omukama, traditionally, bears this title. Okwiri was formally appointed by the new Omukama, after accession.87




   Omubiito – This is the title of prince in Kingdom of Toro, in Republic of Uganda. Title of Omubiito was also used for rulers of Busongora Kingdom, until 1922, when it was devided between Kingdom of Toro and Kingdom of Ankole. Form “Omubiito” is singular, and “Ababiito” is plural. 88

   Omubiitokati – Title of Princess. It is known in Kingdom of Toro (Republic of Uganda).89

   Omugabe – This is hereditary title of the traditional ruler of Kingdom of Ankole (Nkore in pre-colonial times) in Republic of Uganda. Since 20. November 1993 till 14. October 2011, Omugabe of Ankole was Crown Prince John Patrick Barigye Ntare VI of the House of Bahinda. Other bearers of this title were also members of House of Bahinda. Mugabe is variation of title Omugabe.90




   Kingdom of Ankole was a sovereign entity, but when it came under British supremacy in 1901, by the signing of the Ankole Agreement, Omugabe became largely a ceremonial or administrative position. Before that year, term for ruler of Ankole was Omukama, same as in Kingdom of Bunyoro-Kitara and Toro Kingdom. The term "Omugabe" is translated in various ways, but is most commonly equated to "king". Its literally meaning is “giver”.91

   This title, as well as Kingdom of Ankole, were abolished in 1967. by Milton Obote. In was not officialy restored together with other kingdoms in Uganda in The Nkore Cultural Trust, of which King Ntare VI was the patron, is actively lobbying to restore the Kingdom of Ankole.92

   Omugo – Title of Bunyoro-Kitara Royalty, Omugo, is translated in English as Queen. It is the title of the wife of ruling Omukama (King) of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom, as well as Omukama of Toro Kingdom. Today, Omugo of Bunyoro-Kitara is Her Majesty Queen Margaret Adyeri Karunga, wife of His Majesty King Solomon Iguru I, Omukama of Bunyoro-Kitara Kingdom.93

   Omugomborozi – See: Abagomborozi.

   Omuhikirwa – This is title of the Prime Ministers of Kingdom of Toro in Uganda. This title is used from 1960s. Before that time, Prime Minister of Toro was called Katikiro.94

   Omujwaara Kondo – See: Royal Order of Omujwaara Kondo.






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